Top 9 Backend Languages for Web Development in 2024 - Kochiva


Top Backend Languages for Web Development

Are you a beginner in the coding world? Do you want to know about the Top Backend languages for web development in 2024? Then, you’ve come to the right place. In this article, we’ll provide you with a list of the Top Backend programming languages to know in 2024.

Backend languages are crucial in creating smooth user experiences and developing robust back-ends. But what exactly is a back-end language?

Backend languages for web development are coding languages that programmers use to build internal structures and systems. They handle the behind-the-scenes tasks of any web application, making it possible for users to send and receive data from the server.

When you interact with an application, these backend languages work to retrieve information from the database where stored data resides.

Let’s explore the types of backend programming languages that will guide backend development in the future!

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Top 9 Backend Languages for Web Development in 2024


(1.) Python
(2.) Java Script
(3.) Java
(4.) Golang
(5.) C and C++
(6.) Perl
(7.) Kotlin
(8.) PHP
(9.) Ruby


1. Python 

When it comes to a language that’s easy to read, learn, and use, Python stands out as an excellent choice, especially for beginners. Python has gained widespread popularity and is considered the top choice for back-end development.

Unique features:

  • Open Source and Object-Oriented: Python is freely available and follows an object-oriented approach, simplifying development.
  • Integration with C and C++: Python can seamlessly integrate with other languages like C and C++, enhancing its versatility.
  • Cross-Platform Support: Whether on Windows, macOS, or Linux, Python works across different operating systems without any hassle.
  • Diverse Career Opportunities: Python offers various career paths, including programming, web development, AI, machine learning, data science, robotics, and big data.


2. JavaScript

JavaScript stands out as one of the most popular languages among designers, making its mark on various platforms like Android, iOS, and desktop. Its widespread use is expected to continue growing this year. 

With JavaScript, tech startups and large companies find robust solutions for their business needs. If you’re looking for a job quickly and easily, JavaScript opens up numerous opportunities in the gig market.

Notably, JavaScript is now employed for front-end and back-end development, making it a key player in web applications.

Unique features:

  • JavaScript offers a plethora of frameworks and libraries highly favored by web developers.
  • Being an interpreted and lightweight language, JavaScript is efficient and doesn’t require a compilation step before execution.
  • JavaScript follows an object-oriented programming paradigm, providing a structured approach to coding.
  • Regular updates keep JavaScript current and equipped with the latest features and improvements.
  • It is compatible with several programming languages, enhancing flexibility and integration capabilities.


3. Java

Whether you’re a seasoned programmer or just starting, you’ve likely heard about the top backend languages for web development in 2024. Java claims the top spot, mainly because numerous large organizations rely on it.

Widely used in Android app development and for building enterprise-scale web applications, Java and JavaScript are the go-to languages for back-end development.

Unique features

  • Java is freely available, promoting collaborative development.
  • Following an object-oriented approach, Java allows for organized and modular coding.
  • Java offers stability and robust memory management, including automatic garbage collection.
  • Java delivers excellent performance and prioritizes top-notch security for applications.
  • Java applications can run independently of the underlying platform, thanks to the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) feature.


4. Golang 

GoLang was created by Google, and it is additionally a basic language like Python, so individuals who love to deal with Python will cherish this language, too. This language is currently well known and scaling considerably at the back-end administrations.

Go language is more proficient than C++, and it highlights composing simultaneous projects that are troublesome in other programming languages.

Revel, Beego, Martini, and Gin are all famous structures of this language. 

Unique Features

  • Quick and simple to learn language structure. Ideal for building SPAs (single-page applications).
  • It can be utilized in a Disseminated Framework, Enormous information, Distributed computing, and other huge-scope or complex applications. 


5. C and C++

Python and JavaScript are easy to learn and user-friendly for many applications. However, C and C++ stand out as the best choices when selecting the fastest languages.

These languages excel in handling low-level tasks such as building operating systems, file systems, embedded systems, and kernel development.

C and C++ remain top choices in the programming world for tasks requiring high performance and efficiency.

Unique features 

  • C++ is an item-arranged programming language.
  • Accessibility of prepared-to-involve STL libraries in C++.
  • Utilized in Game turn of events, GUI applications, Work area applications, and ongoing numerical reproductions.
  • Considered fundamental languages


6. Perl

Perl has emerged as a robust and versatile backend development language known for its excellent support for text processing and rapid development. This back-end language is backed by various libraries and modules, making it ideal for creating back-end systems that are performance-oriented, modular, secure, scalable, and efficient. 

Unique Features

  • You can use the Thorough Perl Document Organization library of bundles to add additional usefulness.
  • Holds powerful text handling and example acknowledgment capacities.
  • Ordinary articulation support makes finding, supplanting, and altering text straightforward.


7. Kotlin

Kotlin was one of the famous programming languages in 2023, and its ubiquity will increase in 2024, as well. Regarding Android application improvement, Kotlin has turned into a new decision for designers.

It tends to be utilized with both front-end and back-end systems. You can do astounding things with fewer bugs and fewer lines of code utilizing Kotlin.

Unique Features

  • Object-arranged and cross-stage programming language.
  • Secure and adaptable. 
  • Simple to investigate. 
  • Write less code:
  • Matches compatibility with Java
  • Small and concise


8. PHP

PHP is known for being inexpensive, free, and easy to use. Remarkably, around 70-80% of websites, including major ones like Facebook and Wikipedia, continue to run on PHP. This indicates a substantial demand for PHP developers in the job market.

Many developers and freelancers choose PHP for web applications. It remains a viable option for beginners as there is less competition in the market compared to the popularity of Python and JavaScript. PHP frameworks are widely used for building dynamic web applications.

Unique Features

  • Utilitarian and Item Situated Programming Stage Autonomous.
  • Simple to get everything rolling for making pages.
  • A ton of computerization instruments are accessible for testing and sending.


9. Ruby

With its vibrant community, rapid development cycles, and straightforward syntax, it’s no wonder developers are flocking to Ruby.

But what sets this language apart? It’s all about versatility. From seamless database integration to exceptional performance, it’s got you covered. Its asynchronous I/O capabilities and concurrency allow it to handle multiple tasks simultaneously, ensuring smooth operation even during peak loads.

Unique Features

  • It gives dynamic composing highlights, which helps in quicker advancement. It upholds object-situated programming languages.
  • RubyGems assists with improving the dispersion of Ruby libraries and applications.
  •  It is an open-source programming language.
  • Gives programmed trash assortment, exemption taking care of, and so forth.


Conclusion: Top Backend Languages for Web Development

In conclusion, gaining insight into the Top Backend languages for web development in 2024 is crucial for aspiring developers. Each language brings unique strengths and career opportunities, from Python’s versatility to C #’s role in game development.

Furthermore, learning backend languages for web development can unlock doors to diverse opportunities in various industries.

For students seeking a comprehensive understanding, Kochiva’s backend developer course offers valuable insights and skills.


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