learning spanish for beginners

¡Hola! (Hello!) Learning Spanish for beginners opens up a plethora of possibilities. Whether you’re planning to travel, or enhance your career prospects, learning a new language is both exciting and fulfilling.

Spanish is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world. It has over 500 million native Spanish speakers in the world. Moreover, it’s a truly beautiful language that is not just useful but also fun to learn.

It is quite possible to grow your skills by utilizing resources and practising regularly. You will gain confidence in reading, writing, and listening in Spanish in no time when you dedicate yourself to learning.

Moreover, if you’re learning Spanish as a beginner, you must be wondering where to start. Don’t worry, we’ve got you covered. In this blog, we’ll guide you through the steps of effectively learning Spanish as a beginner.

So, let’s get started!


Your Guide to Learning Spanish for Beginners


1. Pronunciation 

Spanish is a phonetic language. Therefore, understanding the sounds is one of the most important things to do, especially as a beginner.

Most letters in Spanish have a consistent sound. It means that you can read as well as pronounce words more easily than in other languages. Some important things to know about the pronunciation:

  • Unlike in English, Spanish vowels always have the same sound, regardless of where they appear in a word or what letters surround them.
  • The Spanish consonants have their own special sound. The way a consonant sounds can change depending on where it is in a word, and also on the regional accent.
  • Spanish diphthongs are combinations of two vowel sounds that blend together within a single syllable. In diphthongs, both vowels are pronounced within the same syllable, and the stress usually falls on the first vowel.
  • Spanish triphthongs are sequences of three vowel sounds that occur within a single syllable. However, in modern standard Spanish, triphthongs are not very common.


2. Basic vocabulary and phrases in Spanish

Basic vocabulary related to greetings, introductions, numbers, and directions is really useful when you start learning Spanish for beginners.

Spanish Vocabulary for Beginners

Hola: Hello

Adiós: Goodbye

Sí: Yes

No: No

Por favor: Please

Gracias: Thank you

De nada: You’re welcome

Perdón: Excuse me / I’m sorry


Greetings in Spanish

Hola: Hello

Buenos días: Good morning

Buenas tardes: Good afternoon

Buenas noches: Good evening/night


Basic Introductions

Me llamo [name]: My name is [name]

Mucho gusto: Nice to meet you

¿Cómo te llamas?: What’s your name?

Soy de [country]: I’m from [country]

¿Y tú?: And you?


Directions in Spanish for beginners

¿Dónde está…? – Where is…?

…el baño? – …the bathroom?

…la salida? – …the exit?

…la calle [street name]? – …[street name] street?

…la plaza? – …the square?


Basic Numbers

uno – one

dos – two

tres – three

cuatro – four

cinco – five

seis – six

siete – seven

ocho – eight

nueve – nine

diez – ten


Basic Spanish Phrases

Buenos días: Good morning

Buenas tardes: Good afternoon

Buenas noches: Good evening / Good night

¿Cómo estás?(informal) / ¿Cómo está usted?(formal): How are you?

Estoy bien / mal: I’m good / bad

¿Cómo te llamas? (informal) / ¿Cómo se llama usted? (formal): What’s your name?

Me llamo [name]: My name is [name]

Mucho gusto: Nice to meet you


3. Spanish grammar

Nouns and articles

In Spanish, all nouns have a gender (either masculine or feminine) and usually have an article before them. For example: “el perro” (the dog), “la casa” (the house).


Adjectives usually come after the noun they describe and agree in gender as well as number in Spanish. For example: “el perro grande” (the big dog), “la casa roja” (the red house).


Verbs in Spanish change depending on the subject, tense, and mood. Regular verbs are divided into three groups based on their endings: -ar, -er, and -ir. For example: “hablar” (to speak), “comer” (to eat), and “vivir” (to live).

Ser and estar

In Spanish, there are two verbs that mean “to be”: “ser” as well as “estar”. “Ser” is used to describe permanent characteristics (such as nationality), while “estar” is used to describe temporary states (such as location). For example: “Soy de México” (I am from Mexico), “Estoy en casa” (I am at home).


Prepositions are words that show the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words in a sentence. Some common Spanish prepositions include “a” (to), “de” (of, from), “en” (in, on), and “con” (with).


There are subject pronouns (yo, tú, él/ella, nosotros/nosotras, vosotros/vosotras, ellos/ellas), object pronouns (me, te, lo/la, nos, os, los/las), and possessive pronouns (mío/mía, tuyo/tuya, suyo/suya, nuestro/nuestra, vuestro/vuestra, suyo/suya).


4. Develop Listening Skills in Spanish

To build listening skills as a beginner in Spanish:

  • Start with simple audio materials like Spanish podcasts for beginners.
  • Listen to Spanish videos on everyday topics.
  • Listen and repeat what you hear out loud. This will help you get used to the sounds as well as rhythm of the language.
  • Practice with language exchange partners or conversation groups.
  • Watching videos for beginners will help you understand the language better.
  • Surround yourself with Spanish audio in your daily life, such as music or podcasts.

5. Practice Speaking Basic Spanish 

When you are new at learning a language, practising speaking can be intimidating. However it is an important part of the process. Here are a few tips on how to practice speaking Spanish as a beginner:

Start with simple phrases and sentences: It is best to start with learning sentences for beginners in the language. This will help you to build your confidence and to start speaking Spanish more fluently.

Find a language partner: Try to find someone who is at a similar level as you, like a friend, or someone online. Set up regular times to practice Spanish speaking together.

Record yourself speaking: It’s a great way to listen back to yourself and identify any areas where you need to improve. You can also use this as an opportunity to practice your pronunciation.

Speak slowly and clearly: When you are first starting out, it is important to speak slowly and clearly. This will help you to avoid making mistakes and to make sure that your pronunciation is correct.

Watch Spanish TV shows and movies: Watching TV shows and movies is a great way to improve your listening skills as well as speaking skills. Try to find shows and movies that are at your level.


6. Reading Basics for Beginners

  • As you are a beginner, it is best to start with simple texts that you can easily understand. This could include children’s books, short stories, or even news articles that are written for beginners.
  • A dictionary is an essential tool for any language learner. When you are reading a Spanish text, it is important to be able to look up any words that you do not know.
  • Try to break down the text into smaller chunks that you can read more easily.
  • Focus on the main ideas when reading a text. This will help you to understand the text even if you do not understand all of the details.
  • Spanish Language learning apps like Duolingo, Babbel, or Rosetta Stone offer reading exercises that can help you develop your skills.


Additional Resources to Learn Spanish Quickly

Some frequently asked questions are how long does it take to learn Spanish Language or can I learn Spanish in 3 months? Here are some additional resources to help you speed up your language-learning process:

1.) Spanish language course: Taking a Spanish course at the Best Online Spanish Classes in India, can really speed up your learning.Kochiva offers an online Spanish language course that offers access to C1/C2 level trainers, personalized attention, and a small batch size.They provide you with a structured learning environment and personalised attention from the instructors to enhance your skills.

Contact Kochiva Linguistics!

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2.) Books in Spanish: There are many Spanish books as well as PDFs available that can help you learn the language. Look for ones with audio components and also interactive exercises to help you practice your skills.

3.) Online resources: You can learn Spanish at home by browsing the web using online resources. These include websites, YouTube channels, as well as social media accounts. It’s a great way to include learning Spanish in your routine.




To sum it up, learning Spanish as a beginner is exciting. The best ways to learn Spanish include learning with online courses, watching Spanish movies and talking in Spanish with a language partner. By utilizing these resources, beginners can develop their skills in a structured way.

The Spanish language levels include A1 (beginner) to C2 (native-like fluency). Each level requires an increasing level of mastery as well as understanding of the language. By setting goals and further working towards them, beginners can reach a good proficiency level.

Learning Spanish for beginners offers not only the acquisition of a valuable skill but also a deeper understanding of Spanish-speaking cultures worldwide. So, take the first step and further get into it. 

¡Buena suerte! (Good Luck!)

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